Breast pain

Many women will experience breast pain (known as mastalgia) during their lives; this pain may vary from an ache to a stabbing sensation.

It is important to remember that breast pain alone is rarely a sign of breast cancer.

Breast pain can be divided into two types called cyclic and non-cyclic pain.

Cyclic breast pain

  • This is the most common type of breast pain and is associated with the menstrual cycle. The pain is probably related to the sensitivity of breast tissue to your hormones and this can be different in each breast
  • Frequently the pain occurs 3-7 days prior to menstruation, although some women can experience tenderness starting in the middle of the cycle with ovulation and continuing for two weeks until menstruation starts
  • In general, cyclic breast pain is harmless, but if you are concerned please see your GP

Non-cyclic breast pain

Non-cyclic breast pain is more common in older women. There are two types of non-cyclic breast pain.

  • The first type of pain may originate from the breast but is unrelated to your menstrual cycle. This is more common in older women before and after menopause. Often the pain is described as a sharp or stabbing pain and is confined to one spot. If the pain begins suddenly, continues and is confined to one spot, it is advisable to visit your GP
  • The second type of pain may be felt in the region of the breast but is coming from somewhere else. This type of pain nearly always involves the bones, joints or muscles and is called musculoskeletal pain. Pain in the chest wall or spine may cause discomfort in the breast. Arthritis or a pinched nerve in the neck may be the cause

How common is breast pain?

  • Many women will experience breast pain during their lives
  • We often think pain is a sign that something is wrong and even serious, although this is rarely the case with breast pain
  • Breast pain can vary from mild to severe. Some women experience an ache, whilst others experience a stabbing sensation
  • Breast pain alone is rarely an indication of breast cancer

What causes breast pain?Woman feeling her breast for changes

  • Hormonal changes
  • Pregnancy
  • Weight gain
  • Bra problems
  • Infection of the breast (mastitis)
  • Injury to the breast (injury will not cause breast cancer)
  • Inflammation
  • Some forms of hormone replacement therapy
  • Simple breast cysts

Hints to relieve breast pain

Here are some suggestions that may be worth trying:

  • Choose a supportive bra that fits correctly to lessen the movement of the breast on the chest wall. This is especially important if your breasts are fuller and if you participate in activities such as jogging or aerobics
  • Wearing a soft bra at night can be helpful
  • Visit a person trained in fitting bras to ensure you are wearing the correct size and type of bra. Bras with under-wire can cause discomfort for some women
  • It may be useful to keep a record of your breast pain to see whether there is a pattern. Keep a diary for a couple of months. Mark the days you experience pain plus the days when your menstruation occurred. Record other details such as any changes in your diet and if there have been any stressful events. All this information will assist the GP in obtaining a clearer understanding of your breast pain.
  • If you have persistent breast pain it is advisable to talk to your family doctor / GP.


Get to know your breasts and what is normal for you. Look in the mirror at your breasts and feel your breasts from time to time.

If you notice any unusual changes in your breasts such as lumps, nipple discharge, or persistent new breast pain, even if your last screening mammogram was normal, please see your GP promptly.

Ask your GP about breast health at your next check-up.

Book online or phone 13 20 50

When making your appointment, please let us know if you:

  1. have breast implants
  2. require an interpreter
  3. use a wheelchair.

These things may make your appointment a little longer.

If you need an interpreter, please call the Translating and Interpreting Service (TIS) first on 13 14 50 and ask to be connected to the BreastScreen WA call centre on 13 20 50.


Wheelchair access is available at all BreastScreen WA services.

Appointments are available 7:30am-5:45pm on weekdays and 8:15am-11:30am on Saturdays at most BreastScreen WA clinics.

Use our contact form or call BreastScreen WA on:

13 20 50 for appointments

9323 6700 for information

Last Updated: 21/09/2023